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Source alternative energy

In most cases, straw is still considered waste and often burned as useless. In fact, the product side of the business of rice farming in fact have great potential as a biofuel base material, environment-friendly fuel. 

Will not only provide added value, the straw also prevent release of carbon to the atmosphere when burned. Carbon cycle to atmosphere can be extended by turning them into biofuel. 

Innovation has been wanted ethanol producers in China. Moreover, as one of the largest countries, each year approximately 230 million tons of rice straw stem discarded casually. Three straw processing facilities into biofuel has been built up at this time. However, the process for straw not an easy thing. Stem-rich straw that cellulose is not easy to unravel bacteria commonly used in the process of biomass. 

The researchers take advantage of lye sodium hydroxide for destroy before fermentation or fermentation process. All done in the room temperature, without additional energy, and need little water, so that overall the process is simple, fast, cost effective, and environmental hospitable. Method the same fact has also been used to produce ethanol in more than 30 countries. However, the material is processed sugar cane, corn, and soybean the main food source is human, not the material out. 

While in China, so that the straw processed biogas. The use of solvents has been proven to increase production of methane gas mixture of carbon dioxide and up to 65 percent. Residues or waste also useful as compost. Three pilot projects are funded entirely by the manufacturer Government of China through the Program Research and Development of High Technology. As an agricultural producer of rice, not the technology of this kind are appropriate in Indonesia of using cassava or palm oil.

Already Successful 

PT Rajawali Nasional Indonesia biofuel industry in Indonesia. Raw materials is the main biofuel industrial waste comes from sugar cane or molasses. 

Sustainable biofuel plant with a 50,000 kilo liters per year will be held in Gresik Regency on the land area of six hectares of land. Estimated, the factory fuel alternatives require approximately 150,000 tons of sugar factory waste per year. 

Investment value of this range plant biofuel 36,000 U.S. dollars. Development of alternative energy industry is estimated to finish mid-2010. All raw materials supplied will biofuel industry PT Rajawali Nusantara Indonesia.